Meats that undergo cell culture or The meat-free burger. The United Nations estimates that by 2050. There will be an estimated 9.8 billion global population and people will consume more meat. Maybe due to better living and greater economic growth. It will make people consume 70% more meat than what we do today.
Even in the efficient meat processing industry, it has a very negative impact on the environment. For example, animal proteins use 4-25 times more water than plants, 6-17 times more space and 6-20 times more fossil energy.
It’s hard to get people to stop eating meat. So now there are two types of lab-grown. Made from the muscles of a lab-grown version of a real animal. It is Expected to be available in the next year. But the point is, lab-grown is not much better for the environment.
Meat-free is meat that is grown in cell culture.
Its rather than inside animals. Also known as cultured meat, in vitro meat, or lab-grown meat, “clean meat” is the term preferred by proponents. Because the meat is reportedly cleaner than meat from slaughtered animals in terms of both sanitation and environmental. The term “clean” may also refer to the conscience of the consumer. No animals must be slaughtered to produce the meat. Instead, stem cells are removed from an animal by a harmless biopsy and then cultivated form muscle fibers.
After isolating the desired cell type, researchers place the cells in culture medium in a stir-tank bioreactor. The culture medium provides nutrients, salts, pH buffers, and growth factors that allow the cells to proliferate.
Historically, fetal bovine serum, The meat-free collect from calf fetuses when a pregnant cow is slaughtered. It has been widely used to culture mammalian cells. However, many biomedical companies have developed synthetic or plant-based growth media to avoid ethical issues and problems with batch-to-batch consistency associated with fetal bovine serum. Clean meat companies are working to adapt these serum-free formulations to their specific cell lines.
Another plant-based version is made from pea, potato, or other protein-rich plant. It makes it more closely related to meat, which the plant-based version is far more beneficial for the environment.
For example, a company like Beyond Meat (Bill Gates has invested in this company) that makes plant-based meat has started selling in California. Which is already sold in over 30,000 supermarkets and restaurants, and has sold over 25 million.